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Pet allergies occur when a person’s immune system reacts to proteins found in the pet’s skin cells, saliva, or urine. The most common pets that cause allergies are cats and dogs, but other animals like birds, rodents, and horses can also cause allergies.
Treatment options for pet allergies include:
Avoidance: The most effective way to manage pet allergies is to avoid exposure to the allergen. This may involve keeping pets out of certain areas of the home, using air filters, or finding a new home for the pet if necessary.
Medications: Over-the-counter or prescription antihistamines, decongestants, and nasal corticosteroids can help relieve allergy symptoms. Immunotherapy, or allergy shots, may also be prescribed to reduce sensitivity to the allergen over time.
Emergency treatment: In severe cases, an allergic reaction can lead to anaphylaxis, a life-threatening condition that requires immediate treatment with epinephrine.
It’s important to talk to a doctor or allergist if you suspect you have a pet allergy, as they can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment options.
Symptoms of pet allergies include:
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